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3-D Design, Electro-Thermal Simulation and Geometrical Optimization of Spiral Platinum Micro-Heaters for Low Power Gas Sensing Applications Using COMSOL 4.1

V. Bansal, D. Kumar, B. Prasad, and A. Gujjar
Electronic Science Department

In this paper a thermal electric finite element method (FEM) analysis was used to investigate the thermal properties of individual electrically driven platinum micro-heaters. The geometric optimization for the micro-heater was performed by simulating a wide range of possible geometries using COMSOL 4.1. The simulated results of micro-heaters having an improved temperature distribution over the ...

Numerical Modelling of Wave Propagation in Particulate Composites

P. S. K. Mylavarapu, and S. Boddapati
Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory

Syntactic foams are hollow particle filled composites that have recently emerged as attractive materials for use in advanced structural applications in aerospace and defence industry. Ultrasonic characterization of these foams is performed extensively in order to understand the effect of porosity and particle size on the ultrasonic properties such as longitudinal velocity and attenuation. ...

MEMS Resonator for RF Applications

V. Harshey
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology
Nagpur
Maharashtra, India

Vibrating mechanical tank components, such as quartz crystals and surface acoustic wave (SAW) resonators with Q’s in the range of 10e3–10e6, are widely used to implement high-Q oscillators and band pass filters in the radio frequency (RF) and intermediate frequency (IF) stages of communication transceivers. This paper will discuss designing of resonator and effects of various parameter on the ...

Finite Element Modeling of Freezing of Coffee Solution

C. Anandharamakrishnan, R. Gopirajah, and N. Chhanwal
Central Food Technological Research Institute
Mysore
Karnataka, India

Freeze-drying is a popular method of producing shelf stable particulate products and is of particular value for drying thermally sensitive materials (volatiles and biological based), which can be heat damaged by higher temperature methods, such as spray-drying. Porous structures are formed by the creation of ice crystals during the freezing stage, which subsequently sublime during the drying ...

A MEMS Condenser Microphone for Consumer Applications

S. L. Pinjare, V. S. Nagaraj, S. N. Savitha, S. Kesari, M. S. Sagar, and K. R. Roshan
Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology

The MEMS microphone is also called microphone chip or silicon microphone. The pressure sensitive diaphragm is etched directly into a silicon chip by MEMS techniques and is usually accompanied with integrated preamplifier. Most MEMS microphones are variants of the condenser microphone design. The MEMS microphone has been successfully fabricated and tested in an anechoic chamber. The microphone ...

Design and Simulation of MEMS Based Electrothermal Micromirror for 3D Spatial Movement

D. Mallick, and A. Bhattacharyya
Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics
University of Calcutta
West Bengal, India

Micromirror is a versatile MEMS device, which finds use in many application areas. In this paper, we have addressed the issues related to the design and behavioral simulation of MEMS based electro-thermal micromirror [Figure 1] for 3D motion. Two types of thermal actuation mechanism are used in the designed device. For in-plane movement poly-silicon made two-hot-arm actuatoris used. Here, the ...

Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Acoustic Metamaterial with Negative Bulk-Modulus

N. R. Mahesh, and P. Nair
SSN College of Engineering
Chennai
Tamil Nadu, India

Acoustic metamaterials are structured materials of negative mass density or negative bulk-modulus or both of them. Materials are tailored in sub-wavelength dimensions so as to get these negative properties. This paper compares the result of an experimental investigation of acoustic metamaterial with negative bulk-modulus to its COMSOL modeling. The resonance characteristics of single ...

Electrowetting-On-Dielectric Induced Droplet Actuation in M x N Array of Electrode

S. Sohail[1], D. Das[1], S. Das[2], and K. Biswas[1]
[1]Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur
[2]School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur

Digital microfluidic system based on EWOD (electrowetting-on-dielectric) technology can perform different fluidic operations on the same electrode array by simply modifying control software. One of the major challenges in EWOD device is to address each electrode individually in M x N array of electrode using simple fabrication architecture without compromising in system performance. The ...

MEMS Electrostatic Comb Actuator: A Comparison of Different Structure Designs and Materials using COMSOL 3.5a

S. Kapoor[1], D. Aggarwal[2], and A. Gujjar[1]
[1]University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India.
[2]Electronics Science Department, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kurukshetra University, Haryana, India.

The micro machining technology that emerged in the late 1980’s can provide micron sized sensors and actuators. Actuators are used for the transformation of non- mechanical input energy into mechanical output energy. There are many types of micro- actuation mechanisms, most commonly used are piezoelectric, magnetic, thermal, SMA, electrochemical, electrostatic actuation. Electrostatic actuation ...

Simulation Based Approach to Fluorescence Diffuse Optical Tomography

R. Singh, and I. Jose
BITS Pilani Goa Campus
Goa, India

Diffuse Optical Tomography (DOT) uses Near Infra-red (NIR) light to monitor physiological changes in internal organs. NIR light being less energetic in nature can be used for continuous monitoring of tumor infected biological tissue, neonatal brain and many such applications where high energy radiation can cause severe damage. The forward problem of DOT, which involves obtaining of the ...