科技论文和展示

这里您可以找到在全球 COMSOL 年会上所有用户报告的演示文稿。这些演示文稿介绍 COMSOL 用户是如何使用 COMSOL Multiphysics 进行创新性研究和产品设计。研究主题涵盖了包括电气、机械、流体和化工等范围广泛的行业和应用领域。请使用“快速搜索”来查找与您的研究领域相关的演示文稿。

BHE Field Design by Superposition of Effects in Space and Time

S. Lazzari[1], E. Zanchini[1]
[1]DIENCA - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A design method for BHE fields in the absence of groundwater flow is presented, based on the superposition of effects. The effects of any periodic heat load with a period of one year can be obtained by a weighted sum of the effects of a monthly unit step heat load, properly displaced in time. The interference among BHEs is evaluated by the superposition of effects in space. The result of the ...

An Extension of Lauwerier’s Solution for Heat Flow in Saturated Porous Media

S. Saeid[1] and F.B.J. Barends[2]
[1]Technical University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Deltares and TU-Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

One of the crucial topics in this century is sustainable energy. In this respect, the exploitation of geothermal energy from deep hot aquifers becomes opportune. Hence, insight is required in the heat balance of potential aquifer systems. Essential issues are convection, conduction and dispersion. This article focuses on Lauwerier’s problem. As an extension, it is suggested that beside ...

The Soil as Bioreactor: Reaction-diffusion Processes and Biofilms

M. Richter[1], S. Moenickes[2], O. Richter[2], T. Schröder[1]
[1]BASF SE, Agricultural Center, Limburgerhof, Germany
[2]Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

In a soil pore, water flows through the biofilm, where the density of the latter was assumed to represent a flow resistance. This mechanism was implemented as a local change of fluid viscosity proportional to local biofilm density. It was assumed that diffusive substrate transport is possible through the biofilm region such that the biofilm was able to degrade the substance. Maximum flow ...

Modeling Large-Scale Mine Dewatering by Using Subsurface Flow Module in COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Molinero[1], A. Nardi[1], P. Trinchero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...

Reactive Transport Processes in Compacted Bentonite

A.E. Idiart[1], M. Pekala[1], A. Nardi[1], D. Arcos[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The Swedish Organization for Radioactive Waste (SKB) is considering disposal High Level Wastes in a deep underground repository. Bentonite clay is planned to be used in the near-field of the waste packages as buffer material. The buffer is expected to provide a favorable environment with limited radionuclide migration due to slow diffusion and retardation by sorption and cation-exchange effects. ...

Using COMSOL for Optimal Design of Engineering Barriers of Nuclear Waste Repositories

L.M. de Vries[1], A. Nardi[1], A.E. Idiart[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...

A Finite Element Test of the 2002-2003 Etna Eruption

F. Pulvirenti[1][2], M. Aloisi[1], G. De Guidi[2], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...

Finite Element Models of Elasto-Plastic Deformation in Volcanic Areas

D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ground ...

Erosion Of Buffer Caused By Groundwater Leakages Based On ESM-Application

O. Punkkinen[1], A. Jorma[1], K. Kari[2], and M. Olin[3]
[1]B+Tech, Helsinki, Finland
[2]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
[3]VTT, Espoo, Finland

In this work the issue of saturation phase erosion caused by groundwater leakages was approached both experimentally and computationally by employing COMSOL\'s Earth Science Module. We evaluated the total mass of eroded bentonite out of a cylindrical erosion channel both numerically and experimentally, and studied its dependence on time. It was observed that logarithmic eroded mass loss as a ...

The Campi Flegrei Deep Drilling Project ‘CFDDP’: Understanding the Magma-water Interplay at Large Calderas

G. De Natale[1], G. Perillo[2], C. Troise[1], and P. Gasparini[3]
[1]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
[2]Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[3]AMRA scarl, Naples, Italy

Campi Flegrei caldera is a good example of the most explosive volcanism on the Earth, a potential source of global catastrophes. It has the advantage that the most interesting structural details and main volcanic features appear located at shallower depth, making it a natural candidate for a deep drilling project aimed to understand the volcanic structure. The CFDDP project, aims to understand ...

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