L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, and F. Beltram
NEST-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
We describe the modeling of microdisk lasers displaying vertical emission. The devices are THz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings fabricated along the circumference. The emission properties of the fabricated devices are well explained by the model, good mode control is obtained, and the collected power from a patterned device is increased 50 times with respect to unpatterned ...
Modeling of III-Nitride Quantum Wells with Arbitrary Crystallographic Orientation for Nitride-Based Photonics
M. Kisin, R. Brown, and H. El-Ghoroury
Ostendo Technologies, Inc., Carlsbad, CA, USA
A program for self-consistent modeling of electron-hole energy spectrum and space-charge distribution in III-nitride based quantum well (QW) structures has been developed. The model takes into consideration full 6-band description of the valence band states, nonparabolicity of the electron spectrum, quantum confinement of electrons and holes, strain induced modifications of the band structure, ...
Drift-Diffusion and Ballistic Transport Modeling in III-Nitride Multiple-QW Light Emitting Structures
M.V. Kisin, and H.S. El-Ghoroury
Ostendo Technologies Inc., Carlsbad, CA, USA
COMSOL-based modeling software developed at Ostendo Technologies allows detailed simulation of semiconductor lasers and light-emitting diodes. In this work, we study the inhomogeneity of the carrier injection into optically active quantum wells of polar and nonpolar III-nitride light emitters. Despite the absence of polarization-induced potential barriers, the nonpolar multiple-quantum well ...
S. Tuccio , A. Alabastri, L. Razzari, A. Toma, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, G. Das, E. di Fabrizio
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy
Nanoantennas have been successfully employed in a wide set of applications. We show the possibility to expand usual nanoantenna functionalities in the THz domain with a gold dipole nanoantenna. We considered an array of aligned planar gold nanoantennas over a silicon substrate. The high near field enhancement, localized at the device ends, indicates potential uses for THz spectroscopy and ...
S. M. Ali, A. K. Jha, S. Mahapatra, M. Panigrahi
Trident Academy of Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Nearly seven lakh Indians die of cancer, while over 10 lakh are newly diagnosed with some form of the disease every year. Surgical resection is not always feasible in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Microwave Coagulation Therapy (MCT) has been used as an alternative to resection and its efficiency has been evaluated in tissue microwave irradiation from a dipole antenna causes water ...
F. Frezza, P. Nocito, and E. Stoja
Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
MISE, Communication Department, ISCOM, Rome, Italy
We investigate and compare the characteristics of the fundamental guided mode sustained by a subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguide for three types of metals: gold, silver and aluminium. This is done in terms of mode effective index, propagation length, confinement and, as the mode under study is quasi-TEM, we also develop a transmission line model that can be useful in the design of optical ...
Non-Equilibrium Quantum Well Populations and Optical Characteristics of III-Nitride Lasers and Light-Emitting Diodes
M. Kisin, and H. El-Ghoroury
Ostendo Technologies, Inc.
COMSOL-based Ostendo’s Optoelectronic Device Modeling Software (ODMS) has been updated to include effects of non-equilibrium QW populations in semiconductor light-emitting and laser diodes. III-nitride light emitters with different levels of polarity have been compared as an illustrative example of ODMS performance. Modeling proved that high intra-QW recombination rates in III-nitride light ...
Development towards Non-invasive Breast Cancer Imaging using Novel Estrogen Conjugates Fluorescent Dye
Francis .K. J., I. Jose
Christ University,Bangalore, Karnataka,India
Determination of Estrogen Receptor [ER] status is a key in detecting cancer pathogenesis at early stage. In our work we discuss Near Infrared Fluorescence [NIRf] Molecule Optical Imaging Diagnostic modality for early detection of breast cancer. A novel target-specific NIRf dye conjugate aimed at measuring Estrogen Receptor[ER] status was synthesized by ester formation between 17-? estradiol and a ...
Modelling Ultra-short Pulse Laser Ablation of Dielectric Materials Using multiple Rate Equations - new
P. Boerner, K. Wegener
Institute of Machine Tools and Manufacturing, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Ultrafast lasers are widely applied in micromachining, material science and physics. In industry, picosecond lasers are becoming more and more established. For pulse lengths shorter than the electron-phonon coupling time, heat affected zones are negligible. Thermally sensitive materials can be processed using ultrashort pulse laser radiation. Multi-component materials and poorly absorbing ...
H. Karakuzu, M. Dubov, S. Boscolo
 Aston University, Birmingham, UK
We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...