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Simulator for Automotive Evaporative Emissions Restraint Systems

S. Schlüter [1], E. Schieferstein [1], T. Hennig [1], K. Meller [1],
[1] Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany

Fuel vapor restraint systems are used in vehicles to avoid discharge of volatile hydrocarbons from fuel tanks. The topic of this paper is the proper operation of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on the composition of bioethanol-fuel-blends. Experimental data serve as input to a model built with COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate the performance of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on bioethanol-fuel-composition. The results show that dynamic modeling is a powerful tool to understand fuel vapor restraint systems. Temperature, gas concentration and adsorptive loading fields are coupled closely together in such systems and COMSOL® provides the functionality that allows the relevant physics to be coupled.