M.S. Yeoman, E. Sultan
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
College of Technological Studies, PAAET, Adailiyah, Kuwait
The modeling of light propagation through multiple layers of biological tissue are assessed & compared to the theoretical predictions by Perelman at al. [94 & 95] of the most-favorable-path (MFP). The MFP on which photons will be found can be obtained from the path of the net flux propagation using the diffusion equation. The diffusion equation is valid when studying diffuse light propagation, ...
P. Apell, S. Hjalmarsson, T. Lindberg, I. Wernström, Y. Tarakonov, A. Erichsen Andersson, M. Karlsteen
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Anesthesia, Surgery and Intensive Care, Göteborg, Sweden
Patients undergoing surgery are sensitive to infections. The operation staff may spread 10^4 particles per person per minute, of which ten percent are presumed bacteria-carrying. We visualize the influence of the personnel on the air and particle flows for the two most common ventilation systems in Swedish hospitals using Comsol Multiphysics with particle tracing.. The Laminar Air ...
C. Romero, M. Mujeeb-U-Rahman
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
Implantable biosensors have the potential to revolutionize the healthcare industry by allowing patients and their health care providers to continuously monitor blood pH levels, pCO2, proteins, metabolites, and a wide variety of other biomolecules. These devices need to operate completely wirelessly to be used for long term monitoring. Metal coils are attractive candidates for wireless power ...
An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging
G.R. Cook, M.J. Graves, F.J. Robb, D.J. Lomas
Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA
MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...
A. Jeremic, E. Khoshrowshahli
Electrical & Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Although cardiac arrest may be statistically insignificant event financial and more important emotional costs in such cases are quite devastating. In this paper we study the effects of multiple grounding pads. Namely, we believe that by placing multiple pads in the lower abdominal part we would be able to decrease the current density that would be dissipated to fetus and amniotic liquid. ...
Inlay Fixed Partial Denture Framework 3-D Structural Integrity Validation Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland
Manual manufacturing of inlay fixed partial denture frameworks by metal casting can take hours of dental practitioners work time. This paper introduces 3-D simulations of premanufactured inlay fixed partial denture framework assembled from laser cut sheet metal parts. The study gives a good estimation of how well the frameworks can withstand strong human occlusion forces and masticatory cycle. ...
U. Topaloglu, Y. Yan, P. Novak, P. Spring, J. Suen, and G. Shafirstein
 Department of Information Technology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
Thermal ablation in the head and neck requires accurate thermal dose delivery to target tissue while protecting the structure and function of nearby tissue and organs. In this study, we present a method that allows importing Computed Tomography (CT) scans to COMSOL, in order to model accurately the expected pathological outcomes prior to thermal ablation treatment. Thermal ablation of a virtual ...
The Effect of Cartilaginous Rings on Deposition by Convection, Brownian Diffusion and Electrostatics
Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
This paper presents a numerical study of the deposition of spherical charged nanoparticles caused by convection and Brownian diffusion in a pipe with a cartilaginous ring structure. The model is supposed to describe deposition of charged particles in the upper generations of the tracheobronchial tree of the human lung. The upper airways are characterized by a certain wall structure called ...
Comparison of Computational Methods for the Estimation of the Dielectrophoretic Force Acting on Biological Cells and Aggregates in Silicon Lab-on-chip
S. Burgarella, F. Maggioni, and G. Naldi
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, Milan, Italy
Department of Mathematics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Dielectrophoresis is a method for cell manipulation in miniaturized devices exploiting the dielectric properties of cells and/or cellular aggregates suspended in a fluid and subjected to a high-gradient electric field. The mathematical expression of the force is obtained by a multipole expansion whose terms involve increasing power of the particle\'s radius. Three methods for the expression of ...
A. Jeremic, E. Khosrowshahli
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Although mammography is extremely important diagnostic technique, it suffers from some limitations such as false negative and positive results, using ionizing radiation and patient’s discomfort. Microwave imaging has been recently proposed as an additional medical imaging technique which can potentially overcome some of the shortcomings of the mammography. We believe that the accuracy of ...