The Use of COMSOL to Solve Hygrothermal Building Physical Problems Related to Insulating High-rise Building Facades
H. L. Schellen, A. W. M. van Schijndel, and E. Neuhaus
Department of Building and Architecture, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In the Netherlands, high-rise buildings from 1960 and before were hardly insulated. To improve the thermal performance of these buildings, the facades may be retrofitted with insulating material. Energy losses will be reduced and thermal comfort will be improved by higher indoor surface temperatures. Problems, however, may be introduced by thermal bridge effects of anchors, floors and indoor ...
S. Lazzari, A. Priarone, and E. Zanchini
DIENCA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
A numerical investigation of the long-term performance of double U-tube borehole heat exchanger (BHE) fields, in the case of non-negligible effects of groundwater movement, is performed by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. Two time periodic heat loads, with a period of one year, are studied: Q1, with a partial compensation between winter heating (principal load) and summer cooling; Q2, with no summer ...
Solution of Inverse Thermal Problem for Assessment of Thermal Parameters of Engineered H2 Storage Materials
I. Fedchenia, and B. van Hassel
United Technologies Research Center
East Hartford, CT
Materials based H2 storage systems for light duty vehicles need to meet challenging performance targets that have been developed by the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. On-board reversible metal hydrides are typically integrated with heat transfer surfaces, e.g. in fin and tube heat exchangers, in order to reject the heat of H2 absorption at a high rate which is set by the refueling time ...
Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer in Building Components - Implementing WUFI® Approaches in COMSOL Multiphysics
B. Nusser, M. Teibinger
Holzforschung Austria, Vienna, Austria
Calculating time-dependent heat and moisture transports trough building components are important tasks in the area of building physics. A well known and worldwide used commercial software for this is WUFI®. From the scientific point of view the restricted access to governing equations is nevertheless a drawback of this software. In the present paper it is shown how the physical approaches used ...
F. Rossi, F. Ratto
CNR - Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara", Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
Photothermal therapy through Gold Nanorods (GNRs) is a new approach for the minimally invasive treatment of cancerous tissue. In order to design the proper settings, it is important to study the thermal effect that are induced close to the nanoparticle (nanoscale model), in the close vicinity and in the cancerous tissue (microscale model). A temperature dependent 2D-model of this particular ...
IMI, Ramat Hasharon, Israel
This paper presents thermo-mechanical models for predicting the strength of polymer laminates loaded in tension or compression exposed to one-sided radiant heating by fire. The first part is the fire simulation where the FDS model is utilized. The FDS model generates a solution of several state variables, such as pressure, temperature, heat, velocity vector. In the second part, COMSOL heat ...
Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy
Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...
Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part II-Modeling of Water-Refrigerant Exchanger
J. Fannou, C. Rouseau, L. Lamarche, S. Kajl
École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Canada
In this section, we simulate the heat exchanger system in one dimension characterized by two coaxial tubes with ribbed inner tube using the equations of conservation of mass, conservation of momentum and energy. The COMSOL PDE interface is used to simulate the monophasic and biphasic flow of refrigerant R22 (Chlorodifluoromethane). Heat transfer in waterand inner wall of the exchanger are modeled ...
D. Rossi, P. Scotton
University of Padova, Department of Geosciences, Padova, Italy
The research aims to clarify some aspects of the thermo-fluid dynamics of woody biomass flue gas, within the twisted conduit inside the heat accumulation stoves, and exposes also some analysis about the heat transport and heat exchange processes. The high temperature flue gas flows in the conduit, releasing heat to the refractory. The heat stored in the refractory is then released to the ...
S. Kadam, T. Gulati, A. Datta
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Kheer is a popular Indian dairy dessert prepared from concentrating milk with simultaneous cooking of rice grains. Conventional methods of preparing kheer have limited its mechanized production. Therefore, a conceptual design of continuous kheer-making machine has been prepared which among other components consists of a heating section for cooking kheer. The present study investigates the CFD ...