M. Bortoloni, M. Bottarelli, Y. Su
Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
In ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHPs) the coupling between heat pumps and ground occurs by means of ground heat exchangers, that can be installed vertically inside boreholes (BHEs) or horizontally (HGHEs). In the horizontal installation, the heat exchangers are placed in shallow trenches dug few meters deep in soil. Unlike BHEs which benefit from the relatively stable temperature of deep soil, ...
Análise da Aproximação para Baixa Absorção Óptica na Geração de Calor Via Laser em Sólidos Semitransparentes: Aplicação na Técnica de Lente Térmica - new
L. S. Herculano, G. V. B. Lukasievicz, O. A. Capeloto
Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Santa Helena, PR, Brasil
Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Toledo, PR, Brasil
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brasil
Neste trabalho utilizamos o software COMSOL Multiphysics® para resolver a equação de difusão de calor induzida por laser. Está equação é a base de técnicas fototérmicas em especial a técnica de Lente Térmica. Além de resolver a equação de difusão sem o uso das aproximações de amostra radialmente infinita e baixa absorção óptica, o COMSOL Multiphysics mostra-se como uma ...
Phase-field Modeling of Widmanstätten Ferrite Formation During Austenite to Ferrite Transformation in Fe-C Alloy - new
L. Zhang, Y. Shen
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
The transformation of austenite (A) to ferrite (F) in steels, which is technologically important and of fundamental interest, still remains less well understood in some aspects. At intermediate undercooling F grows with a plate-like morphology (widmanstätten). Some calculations, which assume that the composition at A/F boundary is local-equilibrium or the morphology of F is rather simple, are ...
V. Vijayalakshmi, K. C. Devi
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
In this work, a bimetallic strip based thermal sensor was designed using MEMS module of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to monitor the temperature rise in insulating oil which was used as coolant in transformers. The bimetallic strip was designed with different shapes such as cylindrical, rectangle, square & conical and different compositions such as Al/Steel Alloy and Fe/Cu which can withstand ...
A. V. Lakshmi, K. C. Devi
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
This paper presents the design and simulation of a thermal sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics® software for the detection of low body temperature syndrome which can allow the early detection of cancer. This sensor is made of an alloy consisting of two materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion. The main objective of this work is to investigate the structural change in the sensor ...
M. R. Naik
Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
In a modern IC design, the capability of predicting the temperature profile is critically important as well as cooling and related thermal problems are the principal challenges. To address these challenges, thermal analysis must be embedded within IC synthesis. This paper presents thermal analysis of the FCBGA chip with a 4mm×4mm×0.3mm silicon die. The silicon die dissipates heat flux of ...
A. K. R. Paul, K. S. Gandhi, and A. K. Shukla
 Central Electrochemical Research Institute – Madras Unit, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
 Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
 Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) use sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as fuel and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant. A mathematical model encompassing mass balance of ionic species in different regions of the DBFC is developed. Both the oxidation of sodium borohydride and reduction of hydrogen peroxide are assumed to obey Tafel kinetics. This is combined with boundary conditions ...
V. Gnanaraj, V. Mohan, and B. Vellaikannan
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
A fundamental understanding of the transport phenomena in microfluidic channels is critical for systematic design and precise control of such miniaturized devices towards the integration and automation of Lab-on- a-chip devices. Electroosmotic flow is widely used to transport and mix fluids in microfluidic systems. Electroosmotic transport in convergent divergent micronozzle is significant in ...
Y. Huang, and A. Mason
Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...
COMSOL Derived Universal Scaling Model For Low Reynolds Number Viscous Flow Through Microfabricated Pillars – Applications to Heat Pipe Technology
N. Srivastava, and C.D. Meinhart
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, USA
Cooling of high-power density electronic devices remains a challenge. Microfluidic heat-pipes with the potential of achieving ultra-high thermal conductivities offer a low-cost technology for cooling electronics. To achieve high thermal conductivity, it is critical to maximize the rate of liquid transport inside the heat pipe. We propose a novel array of microfabricated pillars to maximize liquid ...