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Modeling and Simulation of High Sensitivity CMOS Pressure Sensor Using Free Boundary Circular Diaphragm Embedded on Ring Channel Shaped MOSFET

S. Joy[1], T. Tom[1]
[1]Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India

Sensors have diverse applications ranging from medical field to space explorations. They convert physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity etc: - into an electrical output. The discovery of piezoresistivity property of silicon and germanium led to miniaturization of pressure sensors. Improvement in the sensitivity is the major factor to be considered while designing pressure ...

Interpretation of Measurements with Novel Thermal Conductivity Sensors Suitable for Space Applications

N. I. Kömle[1], G. Kargl[1], E. Kaufmann[2], J. Knollenberg[2], and W. Macher[1]
[1]Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
[2]DLR Institut für Planetenforschung, Berlin, Germany

Thermal conductivity of near surface soil layers is a key parameter for understanding the energy balance of planetary bodies. To measure this property, heated needle sensors are frequently used in field and laboratory applications. To adapt this type of sensors for application on space missions, various modifications have to be implemented. An example for such a modified sensor is the ...

Cellular Convection in Vertical Annuli at roof slab of Fast Breeder Reactor

M. G. Hemanath[1], C. Meikandamurthy[1], G. Padmakumar[1], C. A. Babu[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]
[1] Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

In the pool type Fast Breeder Reactors the roof structure is penetrated by a number of pumps and heat exchangers which are cylindrical in shape. Argon gas in reactor is sandwiched between the free surface of sodium and the roof structure and can flow in the annular space between the components and roof structure forming a thermosyphon. These hermosyphons not only transport heat from sodium to ...

Modeling the Behavior of Phased Arrays in Brain Tissue: Application to Deep Brain Stimulation

V. Valente[1], A. Demosthenous[1], and R. Bayford[2]

[1]Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, University College London, London, United Kingdom
[2]Department of Natural Sciences, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a therapeutic tool used for a number of neurological disorders including chronic pain, incontinence and movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. DBS consists of the low-frequency stimulation of an area of the brain, known as basal ganglia. The stimulation is provided by clinical implant, consisting of a pulse generator and an electrode lead ...

Thermal and Electrostatic Analyses of One Dimensional CFC Diagnostic Calorimeter for SPIDER Beam Characterisation

M. De Muri[1][2], M. Dalla Palma[1], P. Veltri[1], A. Rizzolo[1], N. Pomaro[1], and G. Serianni[1]
[1]Consorzio RFX, Euratom-ENEA Association, Padova, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Padova University, Padova, Italy

The main purpose of SPIDER (Source for the Production of Ions of Deuterium Extracted from RF plasma) test facility is the investigation and optimization of a negative ion beam produced by the full size ion source for ITER NBIs (Neutral Beam Injectors). Thermal, transient, non-linear FE (Finite Element) analyses and also electrostatic analysis have been performed as a feasibility study, to ...

Radionuclide Transport Through Different Routes Near a Deposition Hole for Spent Nuclear Fuel

V-M.S. Pulkkanen[1]

[1]VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Radionuclide transport modeling is a part of the research concerning geological disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Typically, the transport models near a single deposition hole focus on the reactions of nuclides, while the model geometry and the flow of groundwater are often simplified. In this paper, instead, a radionuclide transport model in a detailed 3D geometry with no reactions is introduced. ...

Effiziente Lösung eines Fluid-Struktur-Interaktions-problems in Hydraulischen Dämpfern mit Elastischen Komponenten

Schreiner, M. - Hochschule für Technik Buchs NTB, Labor für Technomathematik, Buchs

Stress Driven Remodeling of Living Tissues

Nardinocchi, P.1, Teresi, L.2
1 Università degli Studi di Roma ”La Sapienza”
2 Università degli Studi Roma Tre

The present study addresses the evolution of the smooth muscles of which blood-vessel walls are composed, in the framework of a continuum model concerning material remodeling presented in [1]. By material remodeling we mean all those microscopic processes whose effects emerge at macroscopic level as evolution of the relaxed state of a body, and, as consequence, of its actual configuration. We ...

A Multiscale Numerical Model of a Deformable Isothermal Nonwetting Liquid Drop

Smith, M.K., Neitzel, G.P.
The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institue of Technology, Atlanta, GA

A state of permanent, isothermal nonwetting of a solid surface by a normally wetting liquid may be achieved by having the surface move tangentially to a liquid drop that is pressed against it. Surrounding gas is swept into the space between the liquid and solid creating a lubricating film that prevents wetting. The length scales of the drop and the film are typically three or more orders of ...

A finite–element simulation study of the complex effective permittivity of two-phase random composite materials

Brosseau, C.
Laboratoire d'Electronique et Systèmes de Télécommunications, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France

In the current work we introduce a finite-element method (FEM) for calculating the effective permittivity of macroscopically inhomogeneous media. Specifically, we consider two-dimensional (2d) two-phase heterostructures consisting of hard circular disk equilibrated distributions. The hard-disk distribution has been chosen as the reference system since it is one of the simplest idealized models ...

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