I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, J. Lavrencik 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...
R. Coker, J. Knox
NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
Developments intended to improve system efficiency and reliability for water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles combine sub-scale systems testing and multiphysics simulations. This paper describes the development of COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations in support of the Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project within NASA's ...
Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan
When the production capacity of micro chemical plants is increased by numbering-up approach, it is important to realize the uniform flow distribution among the parallelized microreactors. In addition, a blocked microreactor needs to be identified as early as possible to achieve the stable long-term operation of micro chemical plants. In this research, a system that can detect a blocked reactor by ...
The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is widely used in various fields including the fabrication of electronic devices due to its uniform film formation capability on the large-scale wafers and the minute 3D structures. In CVD, precursors (metal compounds) are commonly reacted in gas-phase as well as on the substrate to yield a film, and thereby it is rather difficult to reveal the reaction mechanism ...
A. Lele, N. Lodha, R. Srivastava, U. Bipinlal, A. Pandey, A. Paul
CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is an electrochemical device, which converts a part of heat from the formation of water into electricity. Each cell has a Membrane-Electrode Assembly (MEA) which is placed between two electrically conducting plates having gas flow channels. An MEA is made of a solid proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between two electrodes (anode and cathode). ...
Computational Multiphysics to Optimize Humidification Chamber for a Novel PEM Fuel Cell Power System Used in Automobile Application - new
Tata Motors, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are quickly becoming an attractive technology due to their ability to meet increasing energy demands in a cleaner, more efficient way compared to existing methods. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device which converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidant directly into electricity without the intermediate step of classical, chemical combustion ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert
Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool system ...
E. Sparacino, D. Madeo, and C. Mocenni
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Siena, Siena, Italy
This work concerns the development of a new direct parameter identification procedure for a class of nonlinear reaction- diffusion equations. We assume to know the model equations with the exception of a set of constant parameters, such as diffusivity or reaction term parameters. Using the Finite Element Method we are able to transform the original partial differential equation into a set of ...
S. Kiravittaya, P. Cendula, A. Rastelli, and O. Schmidt
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany
Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany
Strain induced by local deformation of a flexible micrometer-sized semiconductor tube is quantified by modeling a ball pressing on the tube wall. By changing the pressing condition, we are able to change the strain state of the tube wall incorporating self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) in the wall. The QD emission energy is calculated in COMSOL® by solving the Schrödinger wave equation ...
M. Suárez , and F. Samaniego 
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...