科技论文和展示

这里您可以找到在全球 COMSOL 年会上所有用户报告的演示文稿。这些演示文稿介绍 COMSOL 用户是如何使用 COMSOL Multiphysics 进行创新性研究和产品设计。研究主题涵盖了包括电气、机械、流体和化工等范围广泛的行业和应用领域。请使用“快速搜索”来查找与您的研究领域相关的演示文稿。

Fully Coupled FEM Modeling of the Swelling Behavior of Human Intervertebral Disc in Response to a Change in Chemical Environment

G. K. Mistri[1], K. J. Suthar[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
[2]Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA

The swelling behavior of human intervertebral disc is strongly influenced by chemical changes in the surrounding environment. Swelling of IVD is governed by various physical phenomena, including chemical and electric potential based transport, electrical charge balance, and swelling due to concentration difference within IVD relative to surrounding fluid. This change in geometry can be described ...

Design Simulations of a General Purpose Research Micro Reactor for Methane Conversion to Syngas.

C. Bouchot[1], and M.A. Valenzuela[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México

A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...

Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane

Z. Li[1], C. Kjølseth[2], S. Hernandez Morejudo[3], R. Haugsrud[1]
[1]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
[2]Protia, Oslo, Norway
[3]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway

Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...

Blistering of Industrial Floor on Concrete Substrate: the Role of the Air Overpressure

S.V. Aher[2], P. Devillers[1], G. Fau[3], B. Tranain[3], and C. Buisson[1]
[1]Centre des Matériaux de Grande Diffusion, Ecole des Mines d’Alès, Alès cedex, France
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kalyanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
[3]Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment, France

Surface coating can fullfil their function satisfactorily over an extended period of time only if there is a good bond between the concrete substrate and the coating. The most numerous cases of blistering affect the airtight covers of the concrete subjected to negative pressures of humidity from the support. The general objective of this study is the understanding of the blistering phenomenon. ...

Simulation of the Mechanical Stability of Inkjet-Printed Hierarchical Microsieves

S.F. Jahn[1,3], S. Ebert[2], M. Hackert[1], W.A. Goedel[2], R.R. Baumann[3], and A. Schubert[1,4]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Germany
[2]Chemnitz University of Technology, Physical Chemistry, Germany
[3]Chemnitz University of Technology, Professorship for Digital Printing and Imaging, Germany
[4]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Porous membranes with pore sizes in the micrometer scale are required in many micro systems dedicated to biological and chemical applications. If their thickness is in the same dimension like the pore diameter they are called microsieves. On the one hand, a thin membrane guarantees a small flow resistance but on the other hand the mechanical strength is reduced. We developed a process which ...

Analysis of TAP Reactors Procedures Using COMSOL

S. Pietrzyk[1], and G.S. Yablonsky[2]
[1]Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, France
[2]Parks College, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA

TAP (Temporary Analysis of Products) reactors are powerful instruments to study the kinetics of catalytic reactions. Their basic principle, exposition of evacuated solids of interest to narrow pulses containing very small amounts of gases, and measuring the concentrations of outgoing molecules permits to study practical catalysts under the conditions approaching those of molecular beam ...

Mass Transfer From a Rotating Cylinder in a Confined Gas Flow

N. Jand[1], A. Scarpetta[2], and M. Stefano[2]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
[2]Faculty of Engineering, University of L'Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy

The modeling of sublimation form a rotating cylinder of solid naphthalene in a confined vessel has been performed by coupling the model of incompressible Newtonian fluid flow with the model of the dilute solutions. Preliminary a 2D axisymmetric system with swirl flow function for laminar and turbulent regimes has been considered. In the turbulent regime the RANS model with default parameter is ...

On the Drying Dynamics in Biofilters

F. Schönfeld
Hochschule RheinMain
University of Applied Sciences
Wiesbaden, Germany

The performance of biofilters relies on the presence of a sufficient amount of water in the biofilter material. And breakdown of filtration performance is often caused by inappropriate water content. The present study focuses on the drying dynamics within such filter, which are modelled as wetted porous media. Analyzing gas flow and water content we find that such systems exhibit instable ...

Modeling of Atmosphere Revitalization

R. Coker[1], J. Knox[1], K. Kittredge[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...

Linear Convection and Conduction in Cylinders of Water Exposed to Periodic Thermal Stimuli

R.E. Tosh[1], and H.H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...

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