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Finite Element Modeling a Redox-Enzyme-Based Electrochemical Biosensor

Y. Huang[1], and A. Mason[1]
[1]Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...

An All-Purpose Full-Vectorial Finite Element Model for Arbitrarily Shaped Crossed-Gratings

G. Demésy[1], F. Zolla[1], A. Nicolet[1], and M. Commandré[1]
[1]Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France

We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...

Linear LS Parameter Estimation of Nonlinear Distribute Finite Element Models

E. Sparacino[1], D. Madeo[1], and C. Mocenni[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Siena, Siena, Italy

This work concerns the development of a new direct parameter identification procedure for a class of nonlinear reaction- diffusion equations. We assume to know the model equations with the exception of a set of constant parameters, such as diffusivity or reaction term parameters. Using the Finite Element Method we are able to transform the original partial differential equation into a set of ...

Thermal Simulation and Package Investigation of Wireless Gas Sensors

A. Paoli[1], L. Seminara[2], D.D. Caviglia[1], A. Garibbo[2], and M. Valle[1]

[1]Department of Biophysical and Electronic Engineering, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
[2]SELEX Communications S.p.A., Genova, Italy

Gas sensor arrays based on metal oxides operating at high temperature are commonly used in many application fields. They can operate on different principles and each sensor may show very different responses to the individual gases in the environment. Data coming from the array can be merged for reliable gas detection. One point which is common to the different sensors types is that the atmosphere ...

Optimization of a Thermal Actuator for Low Power/Low Cost Applications

R. Zúñiga-Quesada[1], M. Vílchez-Monge[1], P. Vega-Castillo[1]
[1]Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

This work describes the study of a thermal actuator and modifications to the materials employed in order to decrease power consumption and implementation costs. For this study, we worked on improving the thermal actuator described in the work of T. Ebefors. The criteria for choosing the new materials were lower power consumption, commercial availability, and ease processing. The thermal actuator ...

Electro Magnetic Wave Simulation in Fusion Plasmas

O. Meneghini[1], and S. Shiraiwa[1]
[1]Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA

Fusion is a form of nuclear energy which has impressive advantages from the point of view of fuel reserves, environmental impact and safety. If successful, fusion energy would ensure a safe, resource conserving, environmentally friendly power supply for future generations. In a world wide cooperation to achieve this goal, seven parties including Europe, Japan, Russia, USA, China, South-Korea and ...

Study of Thermo-Electrical and Mechanical Coupling During Densification of a Polycrystalline Material Using COMSOL

F. Mechighel[1,2,3], B. Pateyron[1], M. El Ganaoui[1], and M. Kadja[3]
[1]CNRS SPCTS UMR 6638, Universite de Limoges, France
[2]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Annaba, Algerie
[3]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Constantine, Algerie

Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) is a promising rapid consolidation technique that allows a better understanding and manipulation of sintering kinetics and therefore makes it possible to obtain polycrystalline materials (ceramic or metallic) with tailored microstructures. A numerical simulation of the electrical, thermal and mechanical coupling during SPS is performed. Equations for conservation for ...

The initial simulation on characteristic of lithium ion cells using COMSOL soft

X. Liu, S. Wang, and L. Lu
Tianjin Institute of Power Source, Beijing, China

Tianjin Institute of Power Source (TIPS) is the first, the largest and most complete electrical energy technology research institute of China. We use COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the lithium-ion batteries. It contains: Simulation on charge-discharge behavior of lithium ion cells; Simulation on thermal and safety of lithium ion cells; Design for lithium ion cells – collector, stress; From ...

Numerical Study on Acoustic Field Generated by Dipole Sources in Noncircular Pipe

H. Zhang, W. Lin, and X. Wang
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Acoustics, Beijing, China

Acoustical well logging is an important technology for petroleum industry. Calibration and testing of tools in real wells is not feasible because the cost is high and the condition is not controllable. During manufacturing and maintaining, the logging tools are usually tested in a fluid filled circular pipe. The acoustic field in non-circular wells are calculated by using of the PDE mode of ...

Thermal Analysis of Electrorefiner for Engineering Scale Pyroprocessing Studies

S. Agarwal, S.P. Ruhela, V. Mente, M.G. Hemanath, B. Murlidhran, V.S. Kumar, C.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, B.K. Sharma, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

Pyrochemical process based on molten salt electrorefining is ideally suited for reprocessing spent metallic fuels from Fast Breeder Reactors. In this work, a heat transfer analysis of the Electrorefiner cell was conducted to develop a basic tool for designing of the engineering–scale Electrorefiner. The focus of this work is to find out steady state temperature profiles of cover gas and molten ...

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