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Electro-Stimulating Implants for Bone Regeneration: Parameter Analysis on Design and Implant Position

Y. Su[1], R. Souffrant[1], D. Klüß[1], R. Bader[1], M. Ellenrieder[1], and H. Ewald[2]
[1]Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Department of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

A common clinical treatment is the application of alternating electromagnetic fields using a screw implant to the weak bone tissue within the femoral head, which speed up the bone regeneration in case of avascular necrosis of the femoral head . In our present work the bipolar induction screw system as the depicted ASNIS S-Series screw with integrated coil and electrodes were investigated. ...

Mechanical Model of RF MEMS Capacitor Structures

R. Chatim[1]
[1]University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany

In order to design an RF MEMS based device, it is beneficial to have information concerning mechanical behavior. For model verification purpose, solution offered by simulation software equipped with predefined physics application is one valuable way to provide initial reference. To avoid unwanted particular total strain in RF MEMS structures, a compensation layer can be utilized. When the number ...

Numerical Simulation Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Through Multi-Layer Textile Assemblies

S.F. Neves[1], J.J.B.L.M. Campos[1], T.S. Mayor[2]
[1]CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
[2]CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal

A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...

Simulation of a Magnetic Induction Method for Determining Passive Electrical Property Changes of Human Trunk Due to Vital Activities

H. Mahdavi[1], J. Rosell Ferrer[1]
[1]Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

The human body consists of many different types of tissues each with specific passive electrical properties. Vital activities lead to a characteristic change of these properties and geometrical changes. Magnetic induction is a non-contact method which can be used to determine these changes. The method is based on the creation of a primary magnetic field that will produce eddy currents in the ...

Numerical Modeling of a MEMS Sensor with Planar Coil for Magnetic Flux Density Measurements

J. Golebiowski[1], S. Milcarz[1]
[1] Department of Semiconductor and Optoelectronics Devices, Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland

The silicon cantilever with the planar coil was applied to the magnetic flux density measurements. The influence of shape and dimensions of planar coil on magnetic energy density was described. In cause of magnetic anisotropy of analyzed silicon structure FEM method and couple field method was applied in simulation. The Lorentz force based sensors owing to their potentially simpler fabrication ...

Building Energy Simulation Using the Finite Element Method

J. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In order to predict, improve and meet a certain set of performance requirements related to the indoor climate of buildings and the associated energy demand, building energy simulation (BES) tools are indispensable. Due to the rapid development of FEM software and the Multiphysics approaches, it should possible to build and simulate full 3D models of buildings regarding the energy demand. The ...

A Mathematical Tool for Studying Drug Delivery to the Eye in Case of Glaucoma

P. Silva[1], J.A. Ferreira[2], P. de Oliveira[2]
[1]Coimbra Institute of Engineering, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal
[2]Department of Mathematics University of Coimbra, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal

The aim of the poster is to present a coupled 2D mathematical model to predict the evolution of drug concentration - in the cornea and in the anterior chamber of the eye - when therapeutic lenses are used (Figure 1). The mathematical model takes into account (i) diffusion processes in several compartments of the eye (therapeutic lens, cornea and anterior chamber); (ii) metabolic consuming ...

Numerical Simulation of Recovery of Light Oil by Medium Temperature Oxidation in Porous Media

N. Khoshenvis Gargar[1], A. Mailybaev[2], D. Marchesin[2], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. In this work, we consider a simple model for air injection in light oil reservoir containing only one component in dry ...

A Model of Electric Field Assisted Capillarity for the Fabrication of Hollow Microstructures

C. Tonry[1], M. K. Patel[1], C. Bailey[1], M. P.Y. Desmuliez[2], W. Yu[3]
[1]Computational Mechanics and Reliability Group (CMRG), School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom
[2]Microsystems Engineering Centre (MISCEC, School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Heriot Watt University, Earl Mountbatten Building, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
[3]State Key Laboratory of Applied Optics, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, China

Electric Field Assisted Capillarity (EFAC) is a novel technique for the fabrication of hollow polymer microstructures. It has advantages over current methods as it is a single step process. Hollow microstructures have many uses in industry from microchannels and microcapsules in BioMEMS to fibre-optical waveguides. It makes use of the dielectric properties of polymers combined with a heavily ...

Thermo-Elastic Response of Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Tissues to Noninvasive Radiofrequency Heating

J. Jimenez-Lozano[1], P. Vacas-Jacques[1], W. Franco[1]
[1]Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Radiofrequency (RF) technology offers unique advantages for noninvasive selective heating of relatively large volumes of tissue. In this work, we present a mathematical model for selective non-invasive, non-ablative RF heating of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue (with detailed fiber septa structures) including their thermo-elastic response. Our analysis shows that the fiber septa architecture ...

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