E. Engström, B. Balfors, and R. Thunvik
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this study we evaluate transport, retention and subsistence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a common fecal indicator bacteria, in a model (2x1m) of a constructed wetland. Transport occurs in the unsaturated and saturated zone. Inactivation is accounted for as a kinetic first-order process. Retention is assumed to be dominated by solid-air-water interface straining and is modeled with a kinetic ...
O. Smirnova, T. Fend, and D. Schöllgen
Institut of Solar Research in German Aerospace Agency
For the numeric investigations of the high temperature compact heat exchanger two numeric models with and without the regards of the velocity field development were used. The results of the comparison of the numeric and experimental data confirm the necessity of regarding the velocity field development for the compact heat exchangers. The two-dimensional simulation task with the regard of ...
A. Talic, S. Cerimovic, M. Mutapcic, R. Beigelbeck, and F. Keplinger
Institute for Integrated Sensor Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
We present COMSOL-based analyses and design optimizations of a micromachined wind sensor. The sensor relies on eight germanium thermistors embedded in a thin silicon nitride membrane, where two orthogonally arranged ensembles, each consisting of four thermistors, are connected to form a double Wheatstone-bridge. In operation, each bridge is supplied by a constant current and the self-heating of ...
University of Cambridge
This work presents a different use of COMSOL as an integrated component of a computational tool framework used to automate designs creation. CNS-Burst is a computational synthesis method that has been implemented with the aim of automatically generating solutions to an assigned design task. COMSOL is integrated in the method and used to evaluate the performance of the design solutions found. ...
A. J. Kovacs, and M. Nemenyi
University of West Hungary
Institute of Biosystems Engineering
Our Institute at the West Hungarian University is dealing with modelling of heat physical treatments in agricultural (biological) materials. The essential key in order to gain accurate results is to know the driving forces during heat and mass transfers. In case of mass transfer processes the application of moisture gradient as driving force gives false results. Therefore, we use water potential ...
J. Ratnieks, A. Jakovics, and J. Klavins
University of Latvia
Although we know the physics inside a media where the sound waves propagate, determination of material\'s or structure\'s sound reduction index is not an easy task. The lack of good engineering solutions proves the point. The only reliable way to calculate the sound reduction index is to carry out an experiment.Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop a mathematical model that can ...
Advanced Magnet Lab
Palm Bay, FL
The paper presents the numerical analysis of quench propagation in a DH magnet wound with a commercially available MgB2 wire in a fiber-glass composite matrix and operating at 20 K. The quench is induced by a small heater located on the first layer of the magnet close to the peak field area. The quench dynamics, peak temperature along with detection requirements are derived from the simulation ...
Microwave Drying of Cellular Ceramic Substrates: A Conjugate Modeling Approach to Understand Surface Moisture Migration
A. Halder, and J. George
Painted Post, NY
Microwave drying processes are critical components in the manufacture of cellular ceramic substrates and filters. The objective of this study is to develop a comprehensive model at a small scale and include all the possible physics that are important during microwave drying processes. Based on the results, conclusions are made on the importance of different factors in drying.
BITS Pilani K K BIRLA GOA CAMPUS
The actuator comprises of a temperature sensitive composite deflecting beam, a piezoelectric substrate and a field effect transistor. The temperature rise causes an expansion in the composite beam thereby causing it to deflect. The deflecting beam impinges on the piezoelectric crystal and generating voltage. Response curves for the deflection versus temperature for temperature ranges ...
Comparison of Computational Methods for the Estimation of the Dielectrophoretic Force Acting on Biological Cells and Aggregates in Silicon Lab-on-chip
S. Burgarella, F. Maggioni, and G. Naldi
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, Milan, Italy
Department of Mathematics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Dielectrophoresis is a method for cell manipulation in miniaturized devices exploiting the dielectric properties of cells and/or cellular aggregates suspended in a fluid and subjected to a high-gradient electric field. The mathematical expression of the force is obtained by a multipole expansion whose terms involve increasing power of the particle\'s radius. Three methods for the expression of ...